The different types of acne are an inflammation of the pilosebaceous follicle and of the perifollicular tissue characterized by chronic course with relapses, sometimes scars, with possible consequences on the psychological level.
The eruption of acne, localized mostly on the face, back and bust, comes in several different forms (comedones, papules, pustules, cysts, phlegmons, etc.), that can appear in consecutive phases or be present simultaneously.
Causes of Acne
The causes of acne can be attributed to several factors: hormonal imbalances,
the use of drugs not fully tolerated by the body, states of intense stress or hypertension, alteration of liver functions, prolonged use of make up products poorly tolerated by the skin, irrational exposure to sunlight, etc..
Cleansing Acneic Skin
A skin with acne problems is often thought to be necessarily oily; therefore, it is attacked with energic cleansers with strong degreasing power, with a very acidic pH, and sometimes even with abrasives. This type of treatment may offer a first sensation of smoother and even skin; however, it does not improve its health, while it often threatens to expose it to very critical situations. Pimples and comedones are the result of problems that can affect not only the skin but also the entire body. These problems cause the inflammation of the hair follicles that results in an overproduction of sebum. The sebum, trapped within the hair follicle, accumulates, forming what is commonly known as comedones. In these conditions, the skin is easily attacked by a particular type of bacterium, Propionibacterium Acnes, that infects the hair follicles causing inflammations that originate pimples. Weakening and stressing the natural defenses of the skin with incorrect cleansing, then, is not the right method to address the problem of skin acne. Instead, it is necessary to inhibit the infection propagation and to incite the normalization of the balance of skin surface acid hydrolipidic film.
Acne and Solar Exposure
Exposure to sunlight has a beneficial effect on the skin affected by acne, as it gives it a more uniform look, making localized redness less evident and promoting the reabsorption of excess sebum. On the other hand, however, acneic skin is particularly sensitive and, therefore, it must be protected from excessive exposure to UV rays, which may cause its dehydration and a rash, making it more prone to the spreading of infections caused by the bacterium.