Hair Loss

Hair loss may be not only an aesthetic defect, or one of the signs of passing time, but it can also be a problem with strong psychological consequences, which affects both men and women.
Baldness affects approximately 11,000,000 of Italians (80% of which are white males) and has a different incidence depending on age:

at 30 years: 30%
at 50 years: 50%
at 70 years: 80%

THE HAIR LIFE CYCLE
The rise and fall of the hair depend on the activity of the hair follicle.
Every day, the scalp activates a cell turnover that leads to the loss of about 50-100 hairs a day, which are replaced by newly grown ones.

When this turnover is not successful, a considerable increase of the daily loss of hair occurs, which, however, is not followed by adequate replacement.
This process may happen for several causes, that differ in men and women.

HAIR LOSS IN MEN
Hair loss occurs in men more evidently and abruptly, and is mainly due to the effect of androgens (testosterone) that “attack” the bulb, reducing its growth phase and stimulating the production of sebum. The hair is thinned and the hair follicle shrinks (follicular miniaturization).

There are two major causes:

Genetic Causes (chronic)

  • Genetic predisposition (gene)
  • Androgens (testosterone)

Non Genetic Causes (temporary)

  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Environmental factors
    Smoke, pollution, trauma.
  • Lifestyle
    Stress, anxiety states, protein diet hyper-.

Effect

  • Localized rarefaction
  • Thinning areas and pronounced receding hairline

HAIR LOSS IN WOMEN
Women are generally less affected by hair loss than men, owing to the effect of female hormones that counteract the action of androgens. In women, however, the cyclic hormonal changes and the frequent use of dyes, perms and discolorizations lead to a progressive weakening that can cause hair loss.
Despite their different condition, two causes of hair loss can also be identified for women.

Genetic Causes (chronic)

  • Genetic predisposition (gene)

Non Genetic Causes (temporary)

  • Hormonal changes, related to special conditions
    Pregnancy, breast-feeding, menopause.
  • Environmental factors
    Environmental factors
  • Lifestyle
    Stress, anxiety states, protein diet hyper-.

Effect
Thinner hair and widespread rarefaction